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PhD Defence

23 November 2020

2020_PhD_defence_Henry
Lucile Henry will defend her PhD on "Essays on the impact of Brexit on the agricultural and food trade: an European perspective and focus on the French Brittany region and Ireland" on December 9th, 2020 at 2:30 pm (Agrocampus Ouest in Rennes, Amphi Moule).

Lucile Henry will defend her PhD in front of the following jury:

  • Charlotte Emlinger (Virginia Tech), referee
  • José De Sousa (Université Paris-Saclay), referee
  • Guillaume Gaulier (Banque de France), examinator
  • Vincent Vicard (CEPII), examinator
  • Marilyne Huchet (Agrocampus Ouest), co-supervisor
  • Angela Cheptea (INRAE), co-supervisor
  • Jean-Marie Jacq (head of agriculture office, Région Bretagne), invited member
  • Alan Matthews (Trinity College), invited member

Abstract

Brexit is a case of unprecedented economic disintegration raising numerous questions around the potential future economic consequences. This thesis aims to identify the post-Brexit challenges that European producers will face in terms of agricultural and food products trade. We start with a review of how economic integration and disintegration are analyzed in the literature, and question whether Brexit is the first episode in a new wave of disintegration in the European Union or an isolated case in the growing integration post-1945. Using basic and structural gravity models, we identify the French sectors that will be most affected, including meat and dairy products.  We analyze all European countries, with a  focus on Ireland and the French Brittany region. In addition to meat, Brittany’s fruit and vegetables are also identified as vulnerable sectors. Irish fish and cereals are sensitive to the potential post-Brexit increase in transport time via the “land-bridge”. We investigate different scenarios on the outcome of trade policy negotiations, not only between the United Kingdom and the European Union, but also between the United Kingdom and third countries. Both European Union countries and the United Kingdom will be less affected if Brexit is followed by the conclusion of a free trade agreement. Finally, this thesis makes an original contribution to the literature on the construction of domestic and regional trade data, but also of data related to modes of transport in international trade.