Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free: https://www.ghostery.com/fr/products/

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/fr/controler-ses-cookies/, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Realytics
Google Analytics
Spoteffects
Optimizely

Targeted advertising cookies

DoubleClick
Mediarithmics

The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at cil-dpo@inra.fr or by post at:

INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal Agrocampus Ouest Rennes 1 University Logo Igepp

Home page

Fopa Fomeju Berline

How duplications in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) genome impact the organization of genomic regions involved in quantitative resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans

PhD defended october 17th, 2014
Direction: Régine Delourme

Abstract:

All crop species are recent or ancient polyploids and have more or less duplicated genomes. Following polyploidy events, structural and functional modifications result in differential gene content or regulation in the duplicated regions, which can play a fundamental role in the diversification of the genes underlying complex traits. To better understand the functioning of the genetic factors controlling the agronomic traits, it is necessary to analyze them in the light of the duplications in the genome. We have addressed this issue in oilseed rape, a species with a highly duplicated genome, with the aim of studying the consequences of genome duplications on the structural and functional organization of the genomic regions involved in quantitative resistance to stem canker. Numerous genomic regions were identified, which confirmed the high polygenic nature of this resistance. Their distribution was quite equivalent between A and C genomes of oilseed rape but a bias was observed in relation with the subgenomes deriving from the ancestral triplication event of Brassica clade. At least 44% of the genomic regions corresponded to homoeologous duplicated regions of five Arabidopsis thaliana syntenic blocks.
A comparative genomic analysis with A. thaliana showed that many genes maintained in several duplicated regions were involved in the stress response, which converges with the results obtained in other species. Comparative genomics also allowed us to draw hypotheses on the function of genes underlying the QTL located in these genomic regions.