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INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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BLADE

An integrated wheat breeding programme for sustainable agriculture in France
  • 1.5 years programme (2021-2022)
  • € 10 000
  • Coordinators:  Nathalie Moutier INRAE IGEPP Rennes et J-C. Bambou INRAE URZ Guadeloupe
  • Contact: nathalie.moutier@inrae.fr

Wheat is the main arable crop in France, with about 5 million hectares cultivated and 38 million tons of annual production (first rank in European Union). Average yield of about 7 t/ha relies on the use of high levels of inputs like nitrogen fertilizers and pesticides. These inputs are expensive, energy demanding, sources of environmental pollution, potentially toxic residuals in food products and sources of greenhouse gas emissions. Environment and food safety concerns led citizens to ask for more sustainable crop production systems, while farmers and the wheat industry emphasize the necessity to maintain yield. Developping varieties with high yield in low(er) input cropping systems is a leverage to conciliate these opposite objectives. To take up this challenge, INRA has developped an integrated applied breeding programme aimed at developping highly productive varieties suited to low inputs farming systems. This project, which capitilizes on results from more basic research such as genomics and ecophysiology, is organised in 8 workpackages (WP).

1. WP1: pedigree selection for inbred lines development

2. WP2: molecular markers for assisting breeder’s choice

3. WP3: developing genitors for Nitrogen use efficiency

4. WP4: developing genitors for disease resistance

5. WP5: developing genitors from interspecific hybrid for genetic basis broadening

6. WP6: Multisite network for evaluating GxExM

7. WP7 : evaluation in organic farming conditions (with cooperatives of organic farmers) – WP leader : B. Rolland

8. WP8 project management and reporting

Partners:

  • Agri-Obtentions
  • UMR 1095 GDEC
  • UE GCIE Picardie
  • UMR Agronomie
  • UMR BIOGER
  • UMR AGIR