Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal Institut Agro Rennes Angers Rennes 1 University Logo Igepp

Home page


Context and Issues


Bread wheat Triticum aestivum L is the third most cultivated cereal in the world, after corn and rice. World production was estimated to 650 million tons in 2010. It is the most widely cultivated species in France, the largest producer in the EU: 36 million tons in 2008. The culture covers are about 5 million ha which gives an average yield of 72 q / ha.

Wheat yield has more than tripled over the last 45 years but has stagnated since 2000. This increase is explained by efficient cultural practices in intensive use of inputs and by improvement of varieties. Current issues of growing wheat, and thus its improvement, involve the implementation of an integrated approach. This will take into account the impacts of climate change, more simplified agricultural practices and the need to produce better and in sustainable manner, in accordance with the rules defined at the Grenelle of Environment (Ecophyto 2018).




Study the structuration of the genetic diversity, organization of genomes and of species complexes
  • Enlargement of the variability of bread wheat by interspecific hybrids between wheat and related species.
  • study of structural and functional evolution of genomes A, B and D
Create innovative plant material and assess its impact in different contexts
  • Co-supervising with colleagues from UMR Clermont-Ferrand and Estrées-Mons, of programs dedicated to the development of hardy, multi-resistant to diseases, of good baking quality and high yielding varieties.
  • Assessment of the value of our varieties (Koreli, Barok, Folklor, Lyrik) in crop management with different input levels.
  • Demonstration of the interest of these varieties in integrated management, through a significant decrease of inputs while maintaining economic margin / ha comparable to that obtained in reasoned intensive management.

Contribution of IGEPP

10 agents from INRAE are involved.


National academic partnership

  • With research units from the  Plant Biology and Breeding Division (INRAE).
    • Research Unit for Genetics, Diversity and Ecophysiology of Cereals (GDEC) in Clermont-Ferrand.
    • Research Unit for Plant Genomic (URGV) in Evry
    • Experimental Unit in Estrées-Mons.
  • With research units from the Plant Health and Environment Division (INRAE).
    • Research Unit for Biology and Risk Management in Agriculture (BIOGER) in Grignon.
  • With units from the Environment and Agronomy Division (INRAE).
    • Research Unit for Agronomy (UMR Agronomie) in Grignon.

International academic partnership

PURE project partners

  • Rothamsted Research - RReS et James Hutton Institute - JHI (UK)
  • Aarhus University - AU (DK)
  • Julius Kühn Institut - JKI (DE)
  • Stichting DLO - DLO et Wageningen University - WU (NL)
  • National Council of Research - CNR and Foundation Edmund Mach- FEM (IT)
  • Agricultural Institute of Slovenia - KIS (SLO)
  • Valencian Institute of Agrarian Investigations – IVIA (ES)
  • Institute of Plant Protection - IOR (PL)
  • University of Debrecen - Centre of Agricultural Sciences - UDCAS (HU)
  • Joint Research Centre - Institute for Prospective Technological Studies - JRC-IPTS (EU)

Private partnership

For over 30 years, collaborations have been developed with breeding institutions mostly grouped in GIS or GIE as “GIE Club5”, “CETAC” and “GIE Triticale and durum Wheat”. We are also collaborating with technical institutes as Arvalis–Plant Institute and ITAB (Technical Institute of Organic Agriculture) as well as Chambers of Agriculture on more than twenty French departments.


List of projects         

  • European Union FP7 PURE 2012-2015: Pesticide Use-and-risk Reduction in European farming systems with Integrated Pest Management
  • ANR 2012-2015: Characterization of the answers to polyploidy and the aneuploïdie in the angiosperms, using wheat model.
  • INRA-AgriObtentions Varietal Innovations 2011-2015: Wheat HPEE – Creation of bread wheat varieties with high economic and environmental performances.
  • FSOV 2010-2013: Evaluation and exploitation of wheat-rye translocations in bread wheat.
  • FSOV yellow rust 2012-2015: Stability of resistance to yellow rust - complementarity between research, development and selection.
  • FSOV brown rust 2012-2015: Durable resistance to wheat brown rust - production of a panel of mapped and diversified QTL.
  • FSOV Weeds 2012-2015: Characterization and selection of more competitive varieties of bread wheat towards weeds.
  • FSOV synthetics 2012-2015: valorization of new resistance and quality genes derived from Aegilops tauschii.
  • CASDAR 2012-2015: Creation and characterization of genotypes of durum wheat introgressed from glutenins of bread wheat in order to make safe a technological top quality under limiting nitrogen fertilization.
  • State-Region Plan Contract: Evaluation of varieties and lines of wheat in organic farming systems