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INRAE

24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Logo Principal Institut Agro Rennes Angers Rennes 1 University Logo Igepp

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Simon Jean-Christophe

Simon Jean-Christophe
Team: Ecology and Genetics of Insects

Phone: (+33) 2 23 48 51 54
Jean-Christophe.Simon@inrae.fr
https://cv.archives-ouvertes.fr/jeanchristophesimon/
ResearcherID: I-2700-2014

 

Address

UMR 1349, Institut de Génétique, Environnement et Protection des Plantes (IGEPP)

Domaine de la Motte - 35653 Le Rheu Cedex - France

phone: +33 (0)2 23 48 51 54, e-mail : jean-christophe.simon@inrae.fr

Research interests

I have broad interests in evolutionary biology, ecology and population genetics of phytophagous insects, with a particular attention paid to aphids for both fundamental and applied issues. One of my main scientific contributions has been on the paradox of sex using aphids as models because of their coexisting sexual and asexual reproductive modes. Right now, I am identifying the genetic and molecular basis of reproductive mode variation in the pea aphid through a combination of population genomics and QTL analyses.

In the last 10 years, I have extended my researches to the evolution and ecology of aphid-plant interactions. I showed in particular that the pea aphid complex underwent a recent and rapid ecological diversification through multiple host shifts, leading to continuum of divergence from host races to incipient species. Currently, I am working on the evolutionary genetics of plant specialization in aphids using genomics, evolutionary biology and bioinformatics approaches. I have also interests on facultative symbionts and their roles on aphid's ecology and evolution.

Education

1991: PhD in Population biology and Genetics, University Paris 6, France

1987: Master in Population biology and Ecology, University Paris 6, France

Current position and responsabilities

1991: Current Position: Principal investigator (first class director of research) at INRA (French National Institute for Agriculture Research)

2012: Team leader "Ecology and genetics of insects" UMR IGEPP, Rennes, France (40 persons)

2012: Coordinator of the French Aphid Research network (130 members)

2014: Coordinator of the French network on Environmental Genomics (400 members)                      

Previous positions

1993-1994: Visiting scientist: population genetics of clonal organisms. Department of Zoology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada (Prof. P. Hebert)

1999-2008: Team leader "Population biology of insects" UMR BiO3P, Rennes, France

2008-2011: Head of the Plant Protection Department, INRA Rennes, France (130 persons)

Fellowships and awards

1993-1994: OTAN Fellowship for post-doc position

2013: Honorary Bingzhi Forum Professorship for, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Science

Selected publications

Simon J.C., d’Alençon E., Guy E., Jacquin-Joly E., Jaquiéry J., Nouhaud P., Peccoud J., Sugio A., Streiff R. (2015). Genomics of adaptation to host-plants in herbivorous insects. Briefings in Functional Genomics (in press).

Jaquiéry J., Stoeckel S., Larose C., Nouhaud P., Rispe C., Mieuzet L., Bonhomme J., Mahéo F., Legeai F., Gauthier JP., Prunier-Leterme N., Tagu D., Simon JC. (2014). Genetic control of contagious asexuality in the pea aphid. PLos Genetics, in press.

Peccoud J., de la Huerta M., Bonhomme J., Laurence C., Outreman Y., Smadja C.M. & Simon J.C. (2014). Widespread host-dependent hybrid unfitness in the pea aphid species complex. Evolution, on line. DOI

Jaquiéry J, Rispe C, Roze D, Legeai F, Le Trionnaire G, Stoeckel S, Mieuzet L, Da Silva C, Poulain J, Prunier-Leterme N, Ségurens B, Tagu D & Simon JC. (2013) Masculinization of the X chromosome in the pea aphid. PLoS Genetics, 9:e1003690. Selected by Faculty of 1000 Biology. DOI

Jaquiéry J., Stoeckel S., Nouhaud P., Mieuzet L., Mahéo F., Legeai F., Bernard N., Bonvoisin A., Vitalis R. and Simon J-C. (2012) Genome scans reveal candidate regions involved in the adaptation to host plant in the pea aphid complex. Molecular Ecology 21:5251-5264. DOI

Simon J.C., Boutin S., Tsuchida T., Koga R., Le Gallic J.F., Frantz A., Outreman Y. & Fukatsu T. (2011). Facultative symbiont infections affect aphid reproduction. PLoS ONE 6(7):e21831. DOI

Tsuchida, T., Koga, R., Horikawa, M., Tsunoda, T., Maoka, T. Matsumoto, S., Simon, J.C., Fukatsu, T. (2010). Symbiotic bacterium modifies aphid body color. Science, 19: 1102-1104. DOI

Peccoud J., Ollivier A., Plantegenest M. & Simon J.C. (2009). A continuum of genetic divergence from sympatric host races to species in the pea aphid complex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106:7495-7500. Selected by Faculty of 1000 Biology. DOI

Peccoud J., Simon J.C., McLaughlin H.J. & Moran N.A. (2009). Post-Pleistocene radiation of the pea aphid complex revealed by rapidly evolving endosymbionts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106:16315-16320. DOI

Halkett F., Simon J.C. & Balloux F. (2005) Tackling the population genetics of clonal and partially clonal organisms. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20, 194-201. DOI

Simon J.C., Rispe C. & Sunnucks P. (2002) Ecology and evolution of sex in aphids. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17:34-39. DOI

Major collaborations

National Collaborations

Tagu Denis, Sugio Akiko, Le Trionnaire Gaël, Outreman Yannick, Stoeckel Solenn. My near colleagues at IGEPP, Rennes: aphid ecology, evolutionary biology and genomics

Colella Stefano, Calevro Federica, Rahbé Yvan, Febvay Gérard, Charles Hubert. BF2I, Lyon: aphid symbiosis

Giron David, Dubreuil Géraldine. IRBI, Tours: mechanisms of plant-insect interactions

Jaquiéry Julie. Université Rennes 1: population genomics

Jacquin-Joly Emmanuelle. iEES-Paris Versailles : genomics of olfaction in insects

Jousselin Emmanuelle, Vitalis Renaud, Gautier Mathieu. CBGP, Montpellier: population genomics and phylogenetics

Lemaitre Claire. INRIA Rennes: bioinformatics

Peccoud Jean. Université de Poitiers: evolution of plant-insect interactions

Poirié Marylène, Cousteau Christine. ISV, Sophia: insect immunity

Smadja Carole. ISEM, Montpellier: population genomics and speciation

International collaborations

Butlin Roger. University of Sheffield, UK. Speciation ecology and genomics

Godfray Charles. University of Oxford, UK. Ecology of aphid-symbiont interactions

Ferrari Julia. University of York, UK: Ecology of aphid-symbiont interactions

Figueroa Christian (U. Talca), Nespolo Roberto. (U. Austral), Chile: insect ecology and genetics

Fukatsu Takema, Koga Ruychi. AIST, Tsukuba, Japan: Insect symbioses

Kunert Grit. Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany: Insect chemical ecology

Latorre Amparo, Moya Andres. University of Valencia, Spain: Genomics of insect symbiosis

Moran Nancy. University of Austin, USA: Genomics of insect symbiosis

Tsuchida Tsutomu. University of Toyoma, Japan: Insect symbioses